This article will cover the makeup topics on ‘how to choose the foundation, how to apply it, how to choose concealer shade and, how to apply it.’ This is part 2 of 4 of “how to do makeup for girl or how to do makeup for beginner?”  Any teenage girl or any women including mothers who want to choose the right  foundation shade or concealer for herself or for a girl child, this post will help you. So read this article till the end for better understanding on how to apply or choose makeup for beginners.

How to choose the foundation for beginner:

Before jumping into the process of how to apply foundation, the first question that will come to your mind is HOW TO CHOOSE RIGHT FOUNDATION SHADE for your skin type and undertone. This topic is very important and will require a whole separate article. Here I am giving you some short major tips and tricks on how to choose the right foundation for your skin. You need to keep in mind that everyone’s foundation shade is different. Because the color of your face, neck, and chest is different so you need to first apply your probably foundation shade on chest and neck and blend it out if it matches your face color then it is your perfect shade. Also, natural factors like hormonal changes, environmental changes, and lifestyle habits are responsible for changes in our skin texture. Foundations are available in different forms like liquid, stick, powder, cream, mineral, tinted, matte or semi-matte, mousse, serum, cushion, and BB, CC, or DD creams. You can choose from these forms on the bases of how your skin feels in it. Below are a few points to choose the right foundation for you:

Depending on skin type and seasonal changes: If you have naturally oily skin, then you can choose powder or matte foundation. If you have dry or mature skin, then go for liquid or cream foundation which gives you enough moisturization or hydration. And if you have combination skin, then go for a stick foundation. If you have sensitive or acne-prone skin, then go for a mineral foundation that has natural ingredients and labeled as ‘hypoallergenic’. Every season has some impact on our skin, for example, in summers your skin tends to be slightly darker and in winter skin feels very dry, so u need to choose foundation on bases of seasonal or environmental changes also.

Depending on your undertone and skin color/complexion: Once you will understand your undertone and skin color, it will be much easier for you to find your foundation shade. There are three main categories of skin undertone i.e. cool, warm, and neutral undertone. Different undertone reflects a different skin color. The main categories of skin color are light, medium, dark and deeper dark. Also, these categories are divided into subcategories like if you have a medium complexion with warm undertone then you may have skin colors like beige, tan or honey, and many more.

Also read: How to determine your skin undertone?

Depending on the coverage and which makeup look you want to create: There are main four categories for foundation coverage i.e. light, medium, full, and buildable or sheer. Also, you can create any makeup look of your choice which you think will suit you best. If you want natural, fresh and radiant makeup look then go for sheer coverage foundation, if you want to create a glam/party look then go for high or full coverage foundation. For everyday makeup look, you can choose from BB, CC, or DD creams also.

Do test the foundation shades: Choose three shades of foundation which probably seems the best match for your skin-tone. Now apply these three foundation shades with the help of fingers or brush and draw three lines of each shade across the jawline and the neck area. Keep some distance between the shades. Don’t ever forget to apply the foundation towards your neck area. Now spread and blend the foundation into the skin. Your foundation should blend seamlessly into the neck and jawline area and now wait for it to settle down into the skin. After 10-15 minutes you can notice which shade matches you best. Remove two shades that don’t suit your skin. And now apply that one shade that matches your skin on the jawline and neck area. Dab it all over these areas and after 15 minutes go to the sunlight. (Always test your foundation color in natural light.) Now check this area if the shade matches completely to your skin-tone or not. I would recommend, to keep this foundation at least for 8 hours. During the evening you can take a selfie of your face area with a flashlight. If you see white or grey patches where you applied foundation before, then this is not your perfect foundation shade. Second, remove some foundation with the help of cotton pads. Take some makeup remover on a cotton pad and remove little foundation from the jawline and neck area. If you see no difference between your bare skin and foundation shade, then it is the best match for your skin.

Now its time to apply foundation.

How to apply foundation with a brush:

Take out a small amount of foundation on a steel palette or the back of your hand. You can directly place the foundation on the face. Now take a flat brush or kabuki brush to spread the foundation all over face and neck in direction of your facial hair. Else facial hair would stand up and would look unnatural after the entire makeup is done. Now use a stippling brush to blend the foundation uniformly across the face and neck. Move your brush in either clockwise or anticlockwise direction, don’t mix these two types of movement. Take time to blend your foundation nicely into the skin. Blending is the main key to a flawless makeup base. In the end, (after a couple of minutes) set the foundation by applying anti-shine, loose or translucent powder with the help of a powder brush. Always keep your brushes clean for your skin’s good health.

Foundation brushes are best for liquid, cream, serum, mousse, and stick foundation.

How to apply foundation with fingers:

As I said above you can take out the foundation on a steel palette, on the back of your hand or directly on the face. Dot the foundation all over the face. Now use your fingers to blend the foundation in tapping or patting motion. Move your fingers in a circular upward motion. This method gives you sheer coverage because the heat of your fingers melts the foundation. So, for better coverage, you need to apply more powder on your face.

Fingers are best suited for liquid foundations, BB, CC, or DD creams. (Google search on what are BB, CC, and DD creams?)

Pro-tip: Wash your hands properly with gentle hand wash or sanitizer for hygiene purposes. So that you can save your skin from breaking out and other skin problems. Don’t move your fingers in a downward direction, it will give you patchy effects.

How to apply foundation with sponges or beauty blenders:

Dampen the sponge in the running water for few seconds (till it becomes wet) and then squeeze out the water. Wrap this into tissue paper or clean towel to remove excess water. Now take some amount of foundation and collect the product on the pointed tip of the sponge by dipping it into the foundations so that it can be spread evenly into the skin. Now dab it all over the face and blend it evenly all over face and neck by using larger and rounder portion of the sponge. Press this portion all over the face for flawless application of foundation. After a couple of minutes, you can apply loose powder to set your foundation.

Beauty blenders or sponges are ideal for cream and stick foundations.

Pro-tip: Clean and air dry your sponge every time before using it. If you don’t want to waste your product as sponges can absorb and waste more product, then you can use silicone sponges. They don’t absorb the product and are easy to clean. They are ideal for blending purposes.

How to choose concealer shade for beginner:

There are different types of concealers available in the market for your particular skin type and concern. Based on your skin type liquid concealer is best for normal to combination skin, sensitive, oily, and acne-prone skin. Stick concealer is best for normal to dry and sensitive skin. And cream concealer is ideal for all skin types except acne-prone skin.

Based on your skin concern green color concealer can be used to hide all redness and blemishes. Purple color eliminates yellowness in cool-toned people. Pink color helps to balance out blue tones in a cool-toned person. Salmon balances out the blue tone in warm-toned skin. Skin color helps to hide undereye circles and blemishes. And yellow color brightens purple tone and dark circles.

Pro-tip: For your undereye area choose a concealer that is one or two shades lighter than your natural skin tone so that you can avoid the appearance of the white circle around your eyes. For the face, choose the shade which matches your foundation shade exactly. Avoid that concealer which can be shown through your foundation and creating an unnatural appearance.

How to apply concealer:

I would suggest you, apply your concealer after eye makeup and before face makeup. Some people find it best to apply foundation and then their concealer for flawless makeup. This is totally your personal decision as there is no particular right way to apply it but the method of applying concealer is the same. It doesn’t matter which type of concealer you are using. You can use a concealer brush, sponge, your clean fingers or small beauty blender to apply concealer. Gently, dab a small amount of concealer on concern areas like dark areas, discoloration, redness, and blemishes and blend it out until your concealer is disappeared into skin and foundation. Lastly, apply the loose powder or pressed powder to set your concealer. Never apply powder on matte finish concealer as it will feel or look dry on your skin. You can experiment and see how your matte finish concealer looks good and lasts with or without powder.

Pro-tip: If you have applied concealer especially around your eyes and mouth before your foundation base application, keep in mind that you have to apply the base in dabbing motion and do not blend the base on top of it. If you blend the base on top of the concealer than the base and the concealer will blend together, and concealer will actually lose its intensity. If you can see dark spots or grey color through your foundation then you can conceal those areas by doting a small amount of concealer on it and dab it until it matches your foundation.

Here is part 2 of 4 is completed so, stay tuned for upcoming blog and article on this topic. I will share other parts of this article very soon. You can comment or ask me for more queries.

Disclaimer: This post is about information and knowledge purposes only. For practical knowledge please, watch YouTube videos.  There are so many YouTubers sharing videos on this topic. This article will give you all the basic knowledge and ideas on “how to do makeup?”


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